πŸšͺToken Gating

Learn how to use Airstack to build token gating with ERC6551 token-bound accounts.

With ERC6551 accounts, users can now own assets that are owned by several layers of NFTs.

With such a feature, traditional token-gating with regular ERC20s, ERC721s, or ERC1155s will not be able to detect assets if they are owned by an ERC6551 token-bound account, even if technically they are owned and controlled by a certain user.

In order to provide proper token-gating for assets owned by ERC6551 token-bound accounts, it requires several steps to ensure that verification is done not just on the EOA level, but also on the proceeding ERC6551 accounts within the NFT ownership tree.

Thus, the algorithm for ERC6551 token-gating will be as follows:

Pre-requisites

Get Started

JavaScript/TypeScript/Python

If you are using JavaScript/TypeScript or Python, Install the Airstack SDK:

React

npm install @airstack/airstack-react

Node

npm install @airstack/node

Then, add the following snippets to your code:

import { init, useQuery } from "@airstack/airstack-react";

init("YOUR_AIRSTACK_API_KEY");

const query = `YOUR_QUERY`; // Replace with GraphQL Query

const Component = () => {
  const { data, loading, error } = useQuery(query);

  if (data) {
    return <p>Data: {JSON.stringify(data)}</p>;
  }

  if (loading) {
    return <p>Loading...</p>;
  }

  if (error) {
    return <p>Error: {error.message}</p>;
  }
};

Other Programming Languages

To access the Airstack APIs in other languages, you can use https://api.airstack.xyz/gql as your GraphQL endpoint.

πŸ€– AI Natural Language​

Airstack provides an AI solution for you to build GraphQL queries to fulfill your use case easily. You can find the AI prompt of each query in the demo's caption or title for yourself to try.

Step 1: Verify Ownership of Token(s) or NFT(s) on an EOA

Given a 0x address, Lens profile, Farcaster, or ENS, simply check if the owner holds the specific NFT that is gated:

Try Demo

Code

query MyQuery {
  TokenBalances(
    input: {
      blockchain: base
      filter: {
        tokenAddress: { _eq: "0x99d3fd2f1cF2E99C43F95083B98033d191F4eAbb" }
        tokenId: { _eq: "10" }
        owner: { _in: "0x6da658f5840fecc688a4bd007ef6b314d9138135" }
      }
    }
  ) {
    TokenBalance {
      amount
    }
  }
}

If the amount field exists, then it indicates that the user has ownership of the token or the NFT inside the EOA. Thus, gating access can be provided to the user.

On the other hand, if the amount field does not exist, the EOA does not hold the asset and should proceed to the next step to check the asset in the TBAs.

Step 2: Get All Token Bound ERC6551 Accounts

Given a 0x address, Lens profile, Farcaster, or ENS, you can fetch all the :

Try Demo

Code

query MyQuery {
  TokenBalances(
    input: {
      filter: { owner: { _in: ["0x6da658f5840fecc688a4bd007ef6b314d9138135"] } }
      blockchain: base
      limit: 200
    }
  ) {
    TokenBalance {
      tokenNfts {
        erc6551Accounts {
          address {
            addresses
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

From this example, you can see the there are 3 TBA on the 1st level owned by the given address 0x6da658f5840fecc688a4bd007ef6b314d9138135.

By formatting the the output with the following format function:

const formatFunction = (data) =>
  data?.TokenBalances?.TokenBalance?.map(({ tokenNfts }) =>
    tokenNfts?.erc6551Accounts?.map(({ address }) =>
      address?.addresses?.map((addr) => addr)
    )
  )
    .filter(Boolean)
    .flat(2)
    .filter((address, index, array) => array.indexOf(address) === index) ?? [];

The formatted data will be a flat array of all the ERC6551 account address:

[
  "0x9b220ed6f11f0223d1e01140fbb0e1b22c713a1a",
  "0x9aacd59af1615b44cf066a9245caea7bdd44c98b",
  "0x06265b9caeae3fe4c6b557daaff80a20546d16cf"
]

Step 3: Verify Ownership of Token(s) or NFT(s) on ERC6551 Accounts

Once you have all the ERC6551 accounts on the 1st level of the tree compiled into a single array, you can provide it as an array input into the following query to verify the ownership of token(s) or NFT(s):

Try Demo

Code

query MyQuery {
  TokenBalances(
    input: {
      blockchain: base
      filter: {
        tokenAddress: { _eq: "0x99d3fd2f1cF2E99C43F95083B98033d191F4eAbb" }
        tokenId: { _eq: "14" }
        owner: {
          _in: [
            "0xd8dc5794dd43aa9d7495f05bf110614ed32e950f"
            "0x333d0ddaf1ecf507f54641055f732914c7f00f18"
            "0x8bce0326262c140f82b754ee15dbd7b0a52654a6"
            "0x97bd7bb13368348f10c872b5cc7d06e6993aa6eb"
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ) {
    TokenBalance {
      amount
    }
  }
}

Similarly to above, if the amount field does not exist, none of the TBAs in the array hold the asset and should proceed to the next step to check the asset in the TBAs.

Step 4: Iterate On The Next ERC6551 Accounts Level

After going through and checking the 1st layer, you can go through the 2nd, 3rd, ..., nth layer of the ERC6551 tree to verify the ownership of token or NFT on each level.

The complete code will look like as follows:

import { useState, useEffect } from "react";
import { init, useLazyQuery } from "@airstack/airstack-react";

init("YOUR_AIRSTACK_API_KEY");

const VERIFY_OWNERSHIP = `
  query MyQuery(
    $owner: [Identity!]
    $tokenAddress: Address!
    $tokenId: String
  ) {
    TokenBalances(
      input: {
        blockchain: base
        filter: {
          tokenAddress: { _eq: $tokenAddress }
          tokenId: { _eq: $tokenId }
          owner: { _in: $owner }
        }
      }
    ) {
      TokenBalance {
        amount
      }
    }
  }
`;

const GET_ALL_ERC6551 = `
  query MyQuery($owner: [Identity!]) {
    TokenBalances(
      input: {
        filter: { owner: { _in: $owner } }
        blockchain: base
        limit: 200
      }
    ) {
      TokenBalance {
        tokenNfts {
          erc6551Accounts {
            address {
              addresses
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
`;

const formatFunction = (data) =>
  data?.TokenBalances?.TokenBalance?.map(({ tokenNfts }) =>
    tokenNfts?.erc6551Accounts?.map(({ address }) =>
      address?.addresses?.map((addr) => addr)
    )
  )
    .filter(Boolean)
    .flat(2)
    .filter((address, index, array) => array.indexOf(address) === index) ?? [];

const Component = () => {
  const [owner, setOwner] = useState(["0x6da658f5840fecc688a4bd007ef6b314d9138135"]);
  const [tokenAddress] = useState("0x99d3fd2f1cF2E99C43F95083B98033d191F4eAbb");
  const [tokenId] = useState("13");
  // provide access if `isAccessGrantedERC6551` is true, otherwise don't
  const [isAccessGrantedERC6551, setIsAccessGrantedERC6551] = useState(false);
  const [verifyOwnership] = useLazyQuery(
    VERIFY_OWNERSHIP,
    {},
    {
      onCompleted: async (data) => {
        console.log(data);
        if (data?.TokenBalances?.TokenBalance?.[0]?.amount) {
          setIsAccessGrantedERC6551(true);
        } else {
          getAllERC6551({ owner });
        }
      },
    }
  );
  const [getAllERC6551] = useLazyQuery(
    GET_ALL_ERC6551,
    {},
    {
      dataFormatter: formatFunction,
      onCompleted: (data) => {
        console.log(data);
        if (data?.length > 0) {
          verifyOwnership({
            owner: data,
            tokenAddress,
            tokenId,
          });
        }
      },
    }
  );

  useEffect(() => {
    verifyOwnership({
      owner,
      tokenAddress,
      tokenId,
    });
  }, []);

  return (
    //
  )
}

Developer Support

If you have any questions or need help regarding building token gating for ERC6551 accounts, please join our Airstack's Telegram group.

More Resources

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